Slippery floors can be disastrous, especially if you have kids in the house who are prone to falling. However, there is a way to fix it.
Epoxy flooring will provide an anti-slip layer on the floor and add to the charm and elegance of a place. There are multiple shades and colours to choose from, and you can decorate the place in any way you want.
This material will not only protect the flooring but will also make it look new for longer. But you need to apply it very carefully as it is not compatible with different materials.
In this guide, we will tell you all about it. We will also discuss how to clean the floor before you apply epoxy so that it has a firm hold and stays in place for years.
So, grab a cup of your favourite beverage and read on!
We have divided the entire process into simple steps so that you can easily understand it.
To check for moisture, you can use plastic to cover the floor area. Now, leave it for a day and then check the corners later. If there are moisture marks on it, then epoxy will not work, but if the plastic is dry, then you can proceed to check for sealers.
After you remove the plastic, pour some water on the top of the floor and see if they bead up. If that happens, then epoxy will again not work for the surface as a concrete sealer has already been used.
Long story short, sealers and epoxy don’t agree with each other, and you will have to think of another material.
Next, you will have to remove latex or polyurethane paints if the floor has a layer of it. For this, a pressure washer is required, along with sodium bicarbonate.
You can call professionals to do this job, or you can rent a pressure blaster from a hardware store.
Next, you will need a degreaser to clean the area further and to ensure that there are no oil and grease stains on the surface. To do that, you can use any stain or solvent cleaner that will work on concrete or tiles.
Also, if the flooring is made of concrete, then get a tough brush that can be used to scrub off the grease. Then, clean the area with water before moving onto the next step.
There can be remains of old furniture or rubber on the floor, and these need to be scrubbed off as well. For this purpose, sandpapers are available on the market that can be used on all kinds of surfaces to remove any difficult residue.
These have fine grits that will make the surface smooth and ready for use. We recommend using 180-grit paper as it generally works very well.
After you sand the surface, the entire place should be covered by dust, and this needs to be cleaned up with a vacuum. Vacuum the area well so that all the dust, debris, and particles in the air are sucked in, and there are no remaining impurities. Otherwise, these would lead to bubbles forming on the surface.
Next, you will need to mix muriatic acid with water and pour it over the area. Mix it according to the 1:3 ratio and follow the instructions on the muriatic acid pack. Then wait for some time so that the water stops bubbling, after which you will have to neutralise the floor.
So, take 4 litres of water and pour 240 ml of baking soda into it; mix the solution and add it to the floor. What’s more, add more clean water and wipe the floor well. This has to be left overnight so that the floor can dry completely.
Next, we will have to treat any new or old cracks with epoxy crack filler. By cracks, we mean any gaps that are 0.25 inches or bigger.
Since epoxy filler looks a lot like putty, you will need a putty knife to cover the gaps.
After the gaps are filled, you can decide to use a primer if needed or directly apply the epoxy flooring. Please mix according to the instructions given on the pack and ensure that you are wearing proper safety gear during this process.
For instance, wear eye protective gear, gloves, and masks to prevent the chemicals from entering the body. Also, it is best to have a ventilator so that the chemicals can leave the house quickly.
You can apply the epoxy with a roller, and remember to always begin from the farthest corner of the room. First, a thin layer of primer needs to be applied to ensure that the roller does not dry up completely.
Mix the primer with normal epoxy for this and let it dry for a day or two. Then you can apply epoxy and leave the floor for 24 hours, allowing it to dry up.
Make sure that the doors and windows are left open so that it dries up faster, thanks to the ventilation. Once it is cured, use sandpaper to rub the surface and to make it completely even. Then use a crack filler to cover the sides and wait for it to dry.
Moving on, before you apply the second layer, mix it with any non-skid product that you can buy from local stores. Stir it together with a drill, and then apply it on the floor.
We would then recommend leaving the floor for another day or two. What’s more, move into the place only after it is completely cured as otherwise, you might leave marks on the surface.
Here are some tips to remember before you begin with the process. This should help you prevent any mistakes for a smooth experience.
While you may want to immediately apply the epoxy coating and finish off the job, please wait for 28 days to 2 months before applying epoxy on newly installed flooring. This is because the floor tiles take a lot of time to dry completely, and applying epoxy on top of wet tiles can cause problems.
It may be slightly slippery for a few days or months, but you can cover it up with a carpet or rug till then.
Next, you might have to decide between water-based epoxies and solvent-based ones. Solvent-based products come in multiple shades but are very hazardous. Hence, you will need to have a ventilator if you plan to use this option.
On the other hand, water-based ones are not that hazardous, but they are mostly transparent or translucent. But irrespective of your choice, remember that the percentage of epoxy solids in each product will determine how expensive they are.
Epoxy primer is not needed in every case, and you can use it if there are imperfections on the floor. If the floor is chalky, porous, rough, or flaky, then pour the primer so that it adds to the durability. This will also ensure that the epoxy layer bonds better with the flooring.
And always remember to get enough epoxy for two coats. This is essential as a single coat would not give you the desired effect.
We have finally reached the end of this guide, and by now, you must already know how to go about applying an anti-slip epoxy coating. You can apply this flooring for all different types of business including car parks, workshops and any commercial space such as a kitchen.
Please purchase the anti-slip additive from a reliable store and research it beforehand. This will ensure that the floor is absolutely safe to prevent you from slipping on it.
If you do not mind crossing your budget, then get a thicker epoxy with more amounts of solids as that would provide a harder layer. Rest assured, it will not crack easily, and you won’t have to worry about it for a decade at least.
We will soon be back with more informative reads, but till then, take care and stay safe. Also, let us know about your experience in the comment section below.